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WOCMAP V Recommendations

The 5th World Congress on MAPs for Human and Animal Welfare WOCMAP V. Brisbane, Australia 17-20 August 2014 recommends

  • the fact that over 6.3 billion people (88% of the world population according to WHO estimates) rely on herbal and other natural medicines for health care,
  • the increasing public interest in the use of medicinal, aromatic and other plants with recognized functionality,
  • the threat to these resources caused by over-harvesting and alteration of natural habitats, since currently over 80% of the biological raw materials required for the production of natural medicines are collected from the wild,
  • the need to standardize such products through pharmacopoeias, codices and other legal documentation to ensure their safety and efficacy,
  • the need to develop methods of standardization that are capable of assessing the holistic pharmacology of herbs,
  • the unique role that MAPs continue to play ensuring human, animal and social welfare both in developing and developed nations; thus highlighting the importance of the Manila Declaration (1992), the Melaka Accord (1994), the Kuala Lumpur Guidelines (1997), the Statement on Ethnobotany and Community Rights (1998), the Dhaka Declaration (2000) and the Karachi Declaration (2013) all of which endorse the importance of urgent action on these issues

as follows:

  1. The role of international conventions like the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the Nagoya Protocols regulating Access and Benefit Sharing, and sovereign rights of states/tribes over natural resources and indigenous knowledge of medicinal and aromatic plants must be recognized.
  2. The Global Strategy for Plant Conservation should be implemented to encourage: sustainable utilization of plant resources and to halt the disappearance of associated indigenous knowledge; innovations and practices that support sustainable livelihoods, food security and health care.
  3. Develop monographs to standardize drugs from MAPs in official pharmacopoeias, codices and standards, and governments be encouraged to implement them for safe and efficacious use of MAPs in health care.
  4. The teaching of Pharmacognosy and Phytotherapy should be included or maintained in the curricula of university schools of Pharmacy, Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary science, and those of other tertiary institutions teaching into these professions.
  5. Research into all aspects of MAPs must be encouraged, funded and directed to enable high quality product development.
  6. International attention must be directed to the use of plants and plant products to improve animal health, productivity and welfare.
  7. Technical and scientific cooperation in the field of MAP conservation and sustainable use must be promoted by and through the appropriate national and international institutions.
  8. Economic sustainability of plant procurement through wild collection, domestication and cultivation must be secured through transparent costing and pricing to provide ample opportunities for rural income generation and community development. With appropriate value chain analysis, market-based intervention and the assistance of national service providers (e.g. universities, standardisation bodies, consultants, trade promotion organizations, NGOs), the following could be fostered: industrial development and processing; enhanced quality, safety and claim substantiation of natural ingredients for food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals used in primary health care.
  9. The use of biotechnology and agrotechnologies to improve MAP supply by developing novel and appropriate approaches to achieve commercial production and domestication as alternatives to wild plant harvesting must be promoted.
  10. Legislations must be simplified to enable honest entrepreneurs and industrialists to register and manufacture their MAP-based products using GACP and GMP, for their inclusion in the authorized health care system of the country.

Brisbane, Australia 19 August 2014

Prof. Dr. K. Hsn Can Baser
President of ICMAP
Dr. Myrna Deseo
Chairperson of WOCMAP V
Prof. Dr. Akos Mathe
President elect of ICMAP

on behalf of the ICMAP Bureau and Board and the Participants of WOCMAP V